Articles

Destination Earth and digital twins – a European opportunity for HPC

Heatwaves, deadly floods, and wildfires are some examples of extreme weather climate change is affecting. Imagine an information system that would help our societies deal with natural hazards, protect our societies from extreme weather and adapt to climate change. Destination Earth is an answer to this need.

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On nuclear waste disposal, computationally

CSC and Posiva Ltd have collaborated to study the permafrost-evolution scenario in the future in Olkiluoto area, where the world's first nuclear waste disposal site is currently being mined. CSC offered to Posiva Puhti supercomputer’s computation capacity and Elmer software and gave consulting services to CoSci LLC, a US-based company working for Posiva.

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ELIXIR: providing a sustainable infrastructure for life science data for all life science projects at European scale

ELIXIR, the European infrastructure for life science data, has worked to bring Europe’s national centers and core bioinformatics resources into a single, coordinated infrastructure. The ELIXIR Node in Finland is hosted at CSC - IT Center for Science.

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Kasvava Avointen oppimateriaalien kirjasto

Erilaiset digitaaliset opetusvälineet ja -materiaalit ovat olleet opetuksen ja oppimisen arkea jo pitkään. Viimeistään vuoden 2020 maaliskuu osoitti, miten tärkeässä osassa esimerkiksi digitaaliset oppimateriaalit opetuksessa ovat.

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Gold nanoclusters for cancer nanomedicine

Gold nanoclusters can deliver drugs precisely to cancer cells without damaging healthy tissues. Using atomistic molecular dynamics simulations, researchers at the University of Jyväskylä Nanoscience Centre showed that the ratio of cancer-sensing and drug molecules is a critical parameter in optimizing the properties of gold clusters to maximize the probability of cluster adhesion to the surface of cancer cells.

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High-Performance Computing yesterday, today and tomorrow - interview with HPC Specialist Dr. Jussi Enkovaara

We had an excellent opportunity to interview Jussi Enkovaara, one of the experienced tutors of the course PRACE Autumn School: Harnessing EuroHPC Flagship Supercomputers. Currently, he works as HPC Specialist (high-performance computing) at CSC – IT Center for Science and has been developing software for supercomputers since 2005.

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Computational power and support helping Finnish companies to conquer the world

Speechly, a Finnish company specializing in speech interfaces, has developed a new type of technology for understanding real-time spoken language. With CSC’s Puhti supercomputer and Business Finland’s AI Business program, Speechly was able to further improve its speech recognition technology.

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Deep dive into the building of the LUMI data center

The data center for LUMI at Renforsin Ranta business park in Kajaani, Finland, has undergone a complete transformation from an empty former paper mill hall to one of the world’s most ecological data centers, and will soon be ready to welcome LUMI.

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Supercomputer Puhti vs. the Coronavirus: Review of CSC COVID-19 Fast Track Outcome

A total of 15 research projects were selected for the COVID-19 fast track. These projects have investigated the airborne transmission of coronavirus, searched for ways to inhibit virus replication, studied potential drug molecules and their structure-guided optimization, screened for potential drug candidates, studied virus mutations and identified virus variants through sequencing. Almost all of the thousands of coronaviruses detected from Finnish patients have been classified on Puhti supercomputer.  

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Finland launches its national Forum for the European Open Science Cloud

Finland's Ministry for Education and Culture, Academy of Finland, the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies and CSC on Monday 25 January 2021 launched the country's forum for the European Open Science Cloud: the EOSC Finnish Forum (EOSC-FF).

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Digital Preservation Service for Research Data

Digital Preservation Service (DPS) for research data is available for all bodies under the Ministry of Education and Culture. Digital preservation means maintaining the usability and understandability of digital information over the course of decades.

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Topological superconductor – new building block for qubits

A team of theoretical and experimental physicists at Aalto University and Tampere University have designed a new ultra-thin material that they have used to create elusive quantum states. Called one-dimensional Majorana zero energy modes, these quantum states could have a huge impact for quantum computing.

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Summary of Allas service outage

As part of our principle of transparency, we publish a summary of the outage of the data management system Allas, the restoration of operations, and development work to prevent the future problems.

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The EISCAT 3D radar system to revolutionize atmospheric research

The new EISCAT 3D radar system will provide three-dimensional images of northern lights. The project is coordinated by the Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory of the University of Oulu. CSC is actively involved in the project.

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User experience: Excellent!

The new CSC supercomputer Mahti was inaugurated into researchers' use at a virtual seminar on 7 October. At the event, six Mahti Pilot Users shared their initial experiences of the computer.

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Structural biology, biochemistry and molecular simulations of mitochondrial complex I – a key role of accessory protein in biological energy conversion

By combining the power of structural biology, biochemistry and multiscale molecular simulations, researchers from Germany and Finland found a key role of an accessory subunit in energy production by respiratory complex I, a central bioenergetic enzyme.

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Sharing enables screening 16 million structures in 7 minutes

In silico research is integral in drug discovery. Schrödinger has developed a new algorithm which can exploit a GPU to perform significantly faster screening. Sharing a preprocessed molecular library file in Puhti disk reduces screening wall clock time from weeks to minutes.

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High-Performance Digitisation - giving a boost to the description of digital data

In the High-Performance Digitisation project, CSC, the National Archives and the National Library of Finland are jointly tackling the challenge of artificial intelligence and data processing. The purpose of the project is to create a service for memory organizations facilitating the processing of data: absence or inadequacy of metadata and poor search functions make digital material more difficult to use.

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New detector breakthrough pushes boundaries of quantum computing

Physicists at Aalto University and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland have developed a new detector for measuring energy quanta at unprecedented resolution. This discovery could help bring quantum computing out of the laboratory and into real-world applications.

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DeepFin: State-of-the-art natural language processing for Finnish

A major challenge in implementing the BERT method for a variety of languages has been the sheer volume of text input and computational power required to train the model properly. The BERT method was implemented for Finnish in DeepFin, one of CSC's 2019 Grand Challenge pilot projects.

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